Students work to develop a safety plan for a village located near a volcano. To demonstrate the plan, the students must build a model volcano with the village and other key area components. An eruption is required to showcase the safety plan. Students will learn about acids and bases along with science topics related to volcanoes. The engineering design process is used to guide the students through the module. Students will explore classifications and components of volcanoes, eruption categories, acids, bases, and pH scale. This kit contains enough materials for 10 groups. Access to curricula materials can be found at http://www.nicerc.org.
Materials in this kit include: gloves, clay, poster board, containers, measuring cups, mixing bowls, liquid dish soap, powder detergent, vinegar, assorted paints, lemon juice, red food coloring, and baking soda.
Students will design a vessel that represents supplies being dropped to refugees. Apply concepts of potential energy, kinetic energy, motion, gravity, velocity, drag, and the Law of Conservation of Energy while also taking into consideration the cost of building and shipping the vessels.